The issue was right to vote as African Americans were hungry for a voice in their destiny. Blacks in most areas of the deep South were not registered to vote. Even though the United States Constitution gave them the right to vote, threats and violence kept most from registering. After countless years of intimidation, the black community had learned that its only salvation was in unified action.
Visit Website Alabama Governor George Wallace was a notorious opponent of desegregation, and the local county sheriff in Dallas County had led a steadfast opposition to black voter registration drives. Edmund Pettis Bridge On February 18, white segregationists attacked a group of peaceful demonstrators in the town of Marion, Alabama.
In the ensuing chaos, an Alabama state trooper fatally shot Jimmie Lee Jackson, a young African-American demonstrator. The brutal scene was captured on television, enraging many Americans and drawing civil rights and religious leaders of all faiths to Selma in protest.
Hundreds of ministers, priests, rabbis and social activists soon headed to Selma to join the voting rights march.
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King paused the marchers and led them in prayer, whereupon the troopers stepped aside. King then turned the protesters around, believing that the troopers were trying to create an opportunity that would allow them to enforce a federal injunction prohibiting the march.
This decision led to criticism from some marchers, who called King cowardly. That night, a group of segregationists attacked another protester, the young white minister James Reeb, beating him to death. Alabama state officials led by Wallace tried to prevent the march from going forward, but a U.
Johnson went on national television to pledge his support to the Selma protesters and to call for the passage of a new voting rights bill that he was introducing in Congress.
There is no Southern problem. There is no Northern problem. Because it is not just Negros, but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice.
And we shall overcome. Army troops and Alabama National Guard forces that Johnson had ordered under federal control. After walking some 12 hours a day and sleeping in fields along the way, they reached Montgomery on March Nearly 50, supporters—black and white—met the marchers in Montgomery, where they gathered in front of the state capitol to hear King and other speakers including Ralph Bunche winner of the Nobel Peace Prize address the crowd.
Lasting Impact of the March On March 17,even as the Selma-to-Montgomery marchers fought for the right to carry out their protest, President Lyndon Johnson addressed a joint session of Congress, calling for federal voting rights legislation to protect African Americans from barriers that prevented them from voting.
Specifically, the act banned literacy tests as a requirement for voting, mandated federal oversight of voter registration in areas where tests had previously been used, and gave the U.
Along with the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act was one of the most expansive pieces of civil rights legislation in American history. It greatly reduced the disparity between black and white voters in the U.Johnson, “Statement by the President on the Situation in Selma, Alabama,” 9 March , in Public Papers of the Presidents: Lyndon B.
Johnson, , bk. 1, King, Address at the Conclusion of the Selma to Montgomery March, in A Call to Conscience, ed.
Carson and Shepard, Selma to Montgomery: Pivotal in Civil Rights. The mile walk was a pivotal moment of the civil rights movement. This is a history of hate in America — not the natural discord that characterizes a democracy, but the wild, irrational, killing hate that has led men and women throughout our history to extremes of violence against others simply because of their race, nationality, religion or lifestyle.
Selma to Montgomery March of Essay. Words 7 Pages. The march which was supposed to start in Selma and end at the state capitol in Montgomery was organized by voting rights leaders after a civil rights activist, Jimmie Lee .
High school students are hit by a high-pressure water jet from a fire hose during a peaceful walk in Birmingham, Alabama in As photographed by Charles Moore, images like this one, printed in Life, inspired international support for the demonstrators.
Selma To Montgomery Marches Rights Act, granting the redress sought to people who marched and countless others. Their march from Selma to Montgomery, the capital, was a success, leading to the.