Using tables and figures in an academic research paper

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Using tables and figures in an academic research paper

Language editing, particularly if English is not your first language, can be used to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by the journal editors and reviewers.

Please note that edited manuscripts will still need to undergo peer-review by the journal. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication.


For further information on this service, please click here. Several specialist language editing companies offer similar services and you can also use any of these. It is not mandatory to use a language editing service.

Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services. Quotation marks should be used around any text which has been reproduced from elsewhere, in addition to a citation.

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Failure to properly cite material which has previously been published constitutes plagiarism and is a serious breach of scientific ethics. Papers which are found to contain plagiarized including self-plagiarized material will be rejected. All submissions are screened for originality using the iThenticate plagiarism detection system.

Please refer to the relevant journal or publisher websites for instructions. Authors who wish to re-use material previously published in MNRAS should refer to the instructions at https: Third-Party Content in Open Access papers If you will be publishing your paper under an Open Access licence but it contains material for which you do not have Open Access re-use permissions, please state this clearly by supplying the following credit line alongside the material: For permission to reuse, please contact the rights holder.

Authors are particularly encouraged to make catalogues and databases available, so readers may reproduce their results or use them for future studies. Online material will be available for download alongside the paper on the journal website. If you have a query regarding hosting a specific file type, please contact the publishers see section 7.

Authors who wish to make additional material available online only should follow this procedure: In the case of long tables, the paper should include a sample table consisting of the first 5—10 rows of data, and the caption should state that the full table is available online.


In the case of videos, extra figures or appendices, these should be mentioned in the text or figure caption along with a statement that they are available online.

The file s will be placed online in exactly the format in which they are provided — the publishers will not modify them in any way. For tables, authors should provide a machine-readable file e. Authors can in addition provide a formatted PDF containing the full table if they wish.

Using tables and figures in an academic research paper

Additional figures with captions and appendices should be provided as PDF files.Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a previously unstudied sensory phenomenon, in which individuals experience a tingling, static-like sensation across the scalp, back of the neck and at times further areas in response to specific triggering audio and visual stimuli.

Poster and Presentation Resources Academic Poster Presentations. Last update: May General Presentation Advice: (presenting academic research, communicating to a lay audience).

Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational iridis-photo-restoration.comtative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon.

If you are using data from a source in your figure, be sure to cite the source after the figure description. See our page on Citing Sources for Tables and Figures for examples. For more on figures, see APA pages – For authors; author guidelines; Preparing articles; Preparing articles.

Sample articles; Article preparation; Conference papers; Title, abstract, keywords, addresses. Overview. The instructions provided here are for a research article or a research report (generally these guidelines follow the formatting guidelines of the American Psychological Association documented in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 4th Edition).Please consult the specific guidelines that are required by the publisher for the type of document you are producing.

J. Lipid Res. -- Journal of Lipid Research Instructions for Authors